Here`s a more terrific example. Let`s say Mary tells Alex that she will hire him to work as a web developer when he is closer to his company. They renounce any kind of formal agreement because Mary assures Alex that they will sort out the details when he arrives. A quasi-contract is a contract created by law or interpreted by a judge in court. You can read our interesting article on the famous case Lucy v. Zehmer, who deals with objective contract theory to learn more. If the work is completed and Person A does not pay and claims that he or she never requested the work, the court may enter into a quasi-contract between the Contractor and Person A for payment for the Work, even if there was no contract between them. On the other hand, a quasi-contract is created only to the extent that it is necessary to remedy an unfair situation. An obligation created by law in the absence of agreement between the parties.
It is invoked by the courts if unjust enrichment that occurs when one person withholds money or benefits that belong fairly to another would exist without judicial recourse. An implied contract is a valid contract that is as binding as an express contract, with the difference that the conclusion of the contract derives from the actions of the parties. Another name for a quasi-contract is a constructive contract. It can be created if there is no actual contract. However, if there is a real contract, which may be tacit or written, a quasi-contract cannot be time-barred. An implied contract should not be drawn up, at least by one of the parties, but should be drafted by a judge to promote justice. A contract that is effectively implied is a contract that is not written but still exists between the parties due to a consensual transaction and can be performed in court. As a form of fair judicial remedy, the court can impose a quasi-contract to remedy the injustice of enriching a person at the expense of another person by retaining property that they did not legally purchase. Quasi-contractual measures have generally (but not exclusively) been used to remedy what would now be called unjust enrichment. In most common law jurisdictions, the law of quasi-contract has been replaced by the right of unjust enrichment.
 Certain aspects must be present for a judge to issue a quasi-contract: quasi-contracts are formed in accordance with the law and are based on how a judge considers that an unfair situation should be remedied. The doctrine of quantum memory is what makes quasi-contracts, including implicit contracts, possible. Let`s say as an illustration that a builder built a house on Alicia`s property. However, the manufacturer signed a contract with Bobby, who claimed to be Alicia`s agent, but in reality this was not the case. Although there is no binding contract between Alicia and the builder, most courts would allow the builder to recover the cost of Alicia`s services and materials to avoid an unfair outcome. A court would achieve this by creating a fictitious agreement between the builder and Alicia and holding Alicia responsible for the cost of the builder`s services and materials. There are situations where there is no contract between the parties. But even then, some social relationships create specific obligations that some parties must fulfill upon court order. These obligations are called quasi-contracts because they create the same obligations that would have arisen in the case of the regular contract. These quasi-treaties are based on the principles of justice, equality and good conscience.
A quasi-contract may offer less recovery than an implied contract. An implied contract will construct the entire agreement as the parties had intended so that the party seeking to create an implied contract can be entitled to the expected profits, as well as the costs of labor and materials. A quasi-contract is established only to the extent necessary to avoid unjust enrichment. As one court put it, contracts implied by law are “only remedies granted by the court to enforce just or moral obligations despite the lack of consent of the party to be incriminated” (Gray v. Rankin, 721 F. Supp 115 [S.D. Miss. 1989]). The amount of recovery for an implied contract is usually limited to labour and material costs, as it would be unfair to force a person who did not intend to enter into a contract to pay profits. The first element that distinguishes between contracts and quasi-contracts concerns the existence or non-existence of an explicit contract between the parties.
For example, if a person comes into possession of someone else`s property, money or valuables, decides to keep it without paying it, or compensates the owner, the court may establish a quasi-contract that requires the owner of the property to pay compensation to the owner for such an unjustified result. In fact, the court can create a quasi-contract regardless of the intention or will of the parties to enter into a contract. Quasi-contracts are also called implicit contracts. If taxed, the defendant must pay a refund amount to the injured party or plaintiff. This refund is called quantum manga and is based on the amount of money or the value of the item that the defendant wrongly acquired. .